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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5755\margr819\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5755\margrsxn2799\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr1141\colno2\colw1825 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb18\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 66}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 ITS AGE & STORY}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5755\margrsxn819\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi0\ri4\sb198\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 thoroughly remodelled, extended, and enriched _ by Brahmans with an enormous amount of mythological, \expndtw4 philosophical, religious, and didactic matter.^ The \i\expndtw5 Asvalayana Grihyasutra \i0 furnishes the oldest evidence \expndtw3 for the existence of the \i Mahdbharata \i0 in some form, and \expndtw5 a land-grant of about 500 A.D., where it is definitely \expndtw8 called "a collection of a hundred thousand verses, \expndtw2 shows that by this date, or some time\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 say a century-\expndtw10 earlier, it already existed in its present shape. Thus the beginnings, growth, revision, and interpolations \expndtw5 of this tremendous compilation\super 2\nosupersub  are to be ascribed to \expndtw2 this long interval between the fifth century B.C. and \charscalex92\expndtw3 400 A.D. \i roughly.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li122\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex87\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The Story in Brief}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li133\fi432\ri0\sb144\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The framework of the epic deals with the great \expndtw0 conflict between the Kauravas, the hundred sons of \expndtw4 Dhritarastra, and the Pandavas, the five sons of Pandu, It was the culmination of their long-standing rivalry, \expndtw6 which began thus :}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 After the death of Vicitra-Vlrya, the Kuru ruler,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri7\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 his younger son Pandu   succeeded  him, as  the   elder}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Dhritarastra, was born blind.   But owing to Pandu'!}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 premature death, Dhritarastra himself had to  as sup}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the reins of government within a short time.    Bein|}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 fond  of his   nephew,   Yudhisthira,  a   man   of   rar<}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri4\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 virtue, he  then  nominated  him  heir-apparent.    TM}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 aroused the jealousy of his eldest son, Duryodhana}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 who by his machinations compelled the Pandus to es}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri4\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 cape from the capital.   During thek wanderings the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 went to Pancala, where Arjuna won in a \i svayamvar}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li259\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 velopment. \i (Ibid.., \i0 p. 284).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li274\fi360\ri0\sb22\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  Extensive episodes and whole works, like the \i fthagavad \b Git \b0\i0\expndtw8 have often been inserted to preach a moral.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li288\fi356\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 * The Hindi \i Prithvirdja Raso \i0 of Cand Bardai has similarly bet \expndtw1 tehandied and expanded into its present bulky form.}\par }